What Are the Effects of Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction
Drugs are chemicals. Depending upon their chemical structure they affect the body in various ways. Its effects may even last on a person’s mind and body even after he has totally stopped using drugs. There are ways on how drugs can enter the human body- either by ingestion, inhalation or injection. How the drug enters the body impacts how it affects the person. For example someone who has drug injected will surely have immediate effects of the drug used than someone who ingested it.
Drug abuse usually target the brain’s system by flooding it with dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps control the brains’ reward and pleasure centers, it also regulate movement and emotional responses and it enables us to see rewards and move an action towards it. As drugs enters the brain, it changes how it perform its tasks and these leads to uncontrollable drug addiction.
One of the effects of drug addiction is the injuries that it brings. Most drug abuse leads to high possibility of domestic violence, accidents and even death. Another would be the health problems that comes with it. It weakens the immune system which increases the susceptibility of the human body to diseases and infections. It can also cause cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks, stroke and even liver failure.
Drug abuse also have different effects on the brain. As mentioned above, dopamine floods the system which leads to a sense of euphoria to a person. On addition to that, it targets the reward system which leads to the addiction. It also affects the memory, decision making and attention span of a person. This is also leads to mental confusion, and worse could be permanent brain damage.
Many behavioral problems can also be seen to someone involved with drug abuse, this includes aggressiveness, hallucinations, paranoia and loss of self-control. The worst condition is effects of drug abuse to pregnant person which will not only affect the mother but the child inside her womb. This may lead to poor nutrition and birth defects. The baby may be born too early, too small and may have behavioral problems.
Drug abuse and addiction is a medical concern. That’s why it’s important that we take good care of the person around us. If you have a suspicion that someone you love is using drugs, make him take a drug test in order to verify your intuition. Many drug test kits are available online such as urine cup drug test kits, dip drug test kits and mouth swab drug test kits. It is never too late to reach out to someone that you care about.
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